When you need vein treatment or vascular surgery, Dr. Gamal Wazni of United Vein Centers in Tampa, Florida should be your first choice. Double board certified and with nearly a decade of experience in the field, Dr. Wazni provides a variety of vein treatment options including endovenous laser treatment, ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy, visual sclerotherapy and ambulatory phlebectomy.
What is Vein Disease?
Vein disease is a catch-all term for several conditions. It includes thrombophlebitis (both superficial and deep), thrombosis (blood clots) and venous insufficiency, which includes varicose veins. Thrombophlebitis occurs when a clot forms in a vein. Deep vein thrombosis can be life-threatening, as the blood clot may break loose and travel to the lungs. Cancer, prolonged immobility, an inherited tendency to develop blood clotting, pregnancy and oral contraceptive use are the most likely causes of thrombophlebitis. Venous insufficiency occurs when the small flaps of tissue inside the veins (called valves) become weak and allow blood to leak back out after the vein closes. Blood backs up in the vein, causing swelling, and the vein becomes tortuous and snakelike (varicose veins).
How are Thrombophlebitis and Blood Clots Treated?
Superficial thrombophlebitis occurs in veins just under the skin. More annoying than dangerous, this conditions rarely causes problems with blood clots breaking and traveling to the lungs. Vein treatment options for thrombophlebitis include rest (the affected leg is kept elevated), moist heat and medications like ibuprofen. If symptoms persist, the vein doctor may use an anticoagulant for a short period of time. A deep vein thrombosis is treated with anticoagulants to reduce the risk of blood clots to the lungs. If the blood clot is very serious, the veins specialist may also prescribe a medication to help dissolve the clot. This treatment is not commonly used because of the risk of bleeding.
How is Venous Insufficiency Treated?
Like thrombophlebitis, venous insufficiency can affect superficial or deep veins. Most patients seek treatment because of the appearance of the leg, but varicose veins can also cause burning, aching or itching. Conservative vein treatment options are the first choice, and includes exercise, weight loss, blood pressure control and compression stockings. The next most likely treatment is to inject the veins with a solution that causes them to collapse and scar; this is called sclerotherapy. Chronic venous insufficiency, especially in the deep veins, can cause swelling aching, skin breakdown and leg ulcers. Conservative therapy is an option for this problem, but other treatments include sclerotherapy, laser treatments and ambulatory phlebectomy. Like sclerotherapy, laser treatments make the veins collapse and scar closed. Ambulatory phlebectomy is an outpatient surgical procedure. The vascular surgeon makes small incisions in the skin and removes the vein by pulling it out with a special tool.
Whether your vein problems are unsightly and need to be dealt with for cosmetic reasons or are causing you more serious symptoms, a vascular surgeon can provide the right kind of vein treatment for your condition. Contact us at United Vein Centers to schedule an appointment.