Understanding Vein Health: Vein Diseases & Conditions

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Vein diseases and vein conditions are common. About one in three Americans over the age of 45 have some type of vein disease, according to the American Venous Forum. These vein diseases include varicose veins, spider veins, and venous insufficiency. These conditions can be embarrassing cosmetic problems, but they can also be associated with poor circulation. Fortunately, a number of vein treatments safely and effectively treat varicose veins, venous insufficiency, and other vein diseases.

About Veins

Veins are part of the circulatory system. The heart pushes blood through a complex network of arteries and veins. Arteries hold blood that is moving from the heart to the rest of the body. Veins contain blood that is going from the far reaches of the body back to the heart.

Gravity helps the arteries move blood down to your lower legs and feet, but gravity works against veins as they bring blood back up to your heart. Each beat of your heart pushes blood a short distance through your blood vessels, but gravity can pull blood downwards to accumulate in the lower legs. One-way valves located in various places throughout your veins open and close to trap blood in small segments in between heartbeats.

Sometimes these valves fail and this allows blood to move backward, or reflux, back down into your feet. Doctors refer to the failure of these valves as venous insufficiency. The accumulation of blood pooling in the lower legs presses against the veins, which react by bloating into varicose veins.

Symptoms of vein diseases vary. Symptoms of varicose veins include blue, twisted veins appearing on your legs. Symptoms of venous insufficiency include pain, swelling, cramps, skin changes, varicose veins, and sores on your legs.

Vein Treatments Safely, Effectively Treat Varicose Veins, Venous Insufficiency

Advances in medical technology have brought forth a number of vein treatments that quickly and effectively treat varicose veins, spider veins, venous insufficiency and other vein diseases.

Treatment usually involves irritating the inner lining of the diseased vein. Irritating the vein causes it to swell and seal shut. The treated vein breaks apart and is absorbed by the nearby tissue; the treated vein fades from view. Blood goes through nearby veins.

Endovenous laser treatment uses the power of laser light energy to treat varicose veins. Transdermal laser therapy uses pulses of light to treat veins. Sclerotherapy is a procedure in which a vein doctor injects a chemical to irritate the interior of a diseased vein.

A mini-phlebectomy is a slightly different type of vein treatment, in that the vein surgeon removes the diseased vein through tiny slits in the skin.

For more information about varicose veins, venous insufficiency, and other vein problems – and vein treatments – contact your local vein doctor.