How Vein Treatment Works

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varicose veins

If you are like 40 million other Americans, you have varicose veins and spider veins. If so, the doctors at United Vein Centers would like you to know that vein treatment for varicose veins or spider veins may help you restore the smooth, appealing look of your skin.


How Blood Vessels Become Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Blood vessels deliver oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body, and carry away waste created by these cells. Without the circulation of a fresh blood supply, the cells of the body suffer from a lack of oxygen and nutrients, and struggle with the buildup of toxins.


Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to body cells in your organs and extremities. Gravity helps arteries in that gravitational force pulls the blood downwards.


Veins carry toxins away from your extremities back towards your heart, against the pull of gravity. Blood tends to flow backwards between each heartbeat, back down into the feet. The body overcomes this with a series of valves located at various places inside veins. These valves act as one-way flaps to trap blood in small sections, preventing the backward flow of blood into the feet.


Valves can malfunction, especially as a person grows older. Weak valves allow blood to flow backwards and accumulate in veins in the feet and lower legs – a condition known as venous insufficiency. In time, pressure from the excess blood enlarges the blood vessel. Small, dilated vessels lying near the surface of the skin become spider veins when they enlarge, deeper blood vessels become varicose veins when they dilate.


Vein Treatment for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

Vein treatment for varicose veins and spider veins usually starts with conservative measures, such as elevating one’s feet to help blood flow out of the lower legs, wearing compression stockings to squeeze blood upwards and out of the calves, and lifestyle changes that improve blood flow in the legs. Sometimes these conservative measures are not enough, however, and surgical vein treatment is necessary.


The main goals of surgical vein treatment are to stop the flow of blood through diseased veins and reroute it through healthier blood vessels. In earlier days of medicine, the only way to do this was by stripping the vein from the leg, which used to be a painful procedure that required hospitalization. Now doctors stop the flow of blood by damaging the diseased vein by injecting it with an irritating chemical or by exposing the vein to energy from laser light or radio waves. The irritation from the chemicals or energy destroys the diseased vein. In time, the destroyed vein dissolves and is absorbed by the body.


If you have varicose veins or spider veins and wonder if vein treatment is right for you, make an appointment with your nearby Tampa vein clinic.